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Huguenot?

In some early family notes , I read," Very little is known of the TEVELEIN family. It is believed they were French Huguenots". So what determines whether or not an ancestor was a Huguenot?

A Huguenot was a Protestant follower of John Calvin.

2. A Huguenot would have been someone who was forced to flee their homeland in Europe because of persecutions by a Catholic government during the 150 years from about 1529 through to 1780.

The first refugees to arrive in Canterbury were mainly Walloons from Flanders, starting in the mid-1500's. Later, in 1572, French Protestants from France began arriving after the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre or after the Revocation in 1685.

3. He or she would; have a record of baptism and maybe a marriage, in a French Protestant Church perhaps at Guines or elsewhere on the Continent.

4. He or she would have a record of their children's baptism, their own marriage or death in one of the Protestant Churches in England. In the case of the TEVELEINs, these would be, in Canterbury, the Malt-house Chapel, the Walloon or Strangers Church in the Cathedral Crypt, St.Alphage, St. Andrew, St. Mildred, St. Mary, or perhaps, Threadneedle Street in London.

5. A person whose name is found in such records would have been attending that church because they were a member of that congregation and an adherent to the beliefs of that church.

6. Marrying into a Huguenot family does not in itself, make that person "a Huguenot", nor does having Huguenot parents.

One Justification

Take, for example, Isaac [1] THEVELIN who was born in Guines, baptised in the French Protestant Church at Guines in 1654. His second marriage was to Elizabeth DOSSELAR and was celebrated in the same Church in 1682.

His first two children were baptized in this Church; Isaac [2] in 1683 and Elizabeth in 1684.

After the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 many Huguenots abandoned their possessions and fled to England or to` The Netherlands.

Isaac and Elizabeth chose to go North to Cadzand.  Abigale and Jean were born in Cadzand in 1690 and 1691 respectively.

Under the rule of Louis XIV (1659-1715), the French made sustained efforts to extend their control over the Spanish Netherlands and Isaac might well have decided it was necessary to avoid French persecution yet again and flee before it was too late, this time to England, along with other members of his community.

In Canterbury Jacob, Jeanne, Marie and Abraham TEVELEIN were born and baptised in the Walloon Church between 1698 and 1705.(Quarto Series vol 5).

This same Isaac [1] TEVELIN is a signatory to a petition asking Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, for a place in which to worship according to the "Rites and Ceremonies of ye Church of England" but "in ye French Tongue" . This is from the records of the Malthouse Chapel dated 1709.

So Isaac[1] was an Huguenot.                       See also Letter from Huguenot Society 1966